Where and how you plant your apple trees will determine how well these trees will grow and produce fruit. The majority of these trees produce best when there is more than just a single tree to promote cross-pollination. It’s crucial to allow for enough space between the trees to let them spread their limbs. You will also want enough room to prune, thin and harvest. Full-sized trees should be planted 15-18 feet apart. Smaller, dwarf varieties can be planted 6-8 feet apart.
Preparing To Plant Apple Trees
Different varieties of apple trees come with differing needs. Some varieties may adapt better to any cold weather, while others can thrive in a very hot climate like Arizona. It’s recommended to place a single tree or a grove of trees in full sun and well-drained soil.
Keep the trees apart from other trees and away from any low-lying areas that could form “frost pockets” of cold air. It’s also a good idea to test your soil before planting these trees. Apple trees thrive in soil with a pH level of 6.5 (in a range of 0-14, acid to alkaline, meaning 7 is pH neutral).
Cold northern climates call for planting to be done in the spring. Early spring or late fall is recommended in areas with less severe winters. Remove the weeds and grass in a 4-foot circle and dig a hole that’s about 2-feet deep and twice the diameter of the tree’s root ball.
Next, return some of the loose soil to the hole and spread the roots over the soil, while adding more soil. If this is a container-grown tree, remove it from the container, then place it into the hole and backfill with loose soil. Either way, you must make sure the graft union is above the soil.
After planting, water the area thoroughly and regularly as the tree establishes a root system. Depending on the size and variety of the tree, it could take anywhere from 2-4 years to mature enough to begin fruiting.
If you’re ready to choose and have a pomegranate tree planted at your Mesa home contact the knowledgeable and helpful folks at your local A&P Nursery.