Why Trees Need Pruning
Written by craig braddick

Why Trees Need Pruning

A big part of pruning is removing the damaged, diseased, or dead branches of the tree. Removing these areas helps prevent further decay or insects from entering into the healthy areas of the tree. Dense canopies of leaves might provide shade that we love, but too much shade can limit sunlight and air which promotes some diseases in trees. Pruning removes water sprouts and suckers that help direct better distribution of water and nutrients throughout the tree. Pruning also removes crotches that are weak where branches intersect with the trunk of the tree. If they are allowed to fester the tree can tear at these spots. Trees usually have 1 branch that goes straight up and is the highest point of the tree. This branch is called the “dominant branch”. Sometimes two branches might grow both trying to be the tallest branch in the tree and this can be dangerous. High winds can cause these branches to fight against each other and damage the tree.

Pruning Equals Safety

Trees with improper structure clearly can tear themselves apart under high winds, and that poses danger for us. Falling sections of tree or heavy limbs and branches can cause serious damage to our property or harm people. If these trees are near the house, power lines, or even the driveway very costly damages are possible if trees are not cared for properly. Sections of tree have been known to fall on roof tops and not just damage the roofing but simply pierce the roof decking as well. This means the elements are going to come on into your home. Well pruned and maintained trees that provide shade to the house during summer are a great benefit in keeping the house cool. However, during the windy months, they can become a danger without proper maintenance and pruning.

Tree Shapes

Trees that grow in the woods are beautiful and take on many different shapes. They are not managed or shaped in any way whatsoever. Trees that exist in our landscapes are part of an overall look in our gardens and with their size they are a prominent feature. This means that trees that grow in unusual ways will create nonsymmetrical shapes. Regular pruning helps maintain the trees shape and helps it mature into a more beautiful, healthy, and balanced tree.

A big part of maintaining the shape of a tree is removing key areas to stimulate or restrict growth. If areas are growing sparse but others are dis-proportionally flourishing pruning can help balance the growth. Overactive areas can be trimmed back and the other areas will benefit from the removal. This will create a more balanced look for your tree. Catching these issues early will help every tree on your property look better when it is mature.

Call or stop by one of our 4 locations today!

Common Sick Tree Symptoms
Written by craig braddick

Common Sick Tree Symptoms

Decaying trees are not only unsightly, they are also dangerous. Falling limbs could cause expensive damage your property. During stormy or windy weather, a toppled tree could crash through your home and cause injury or death. To prevent this from happening, homeowners need to inspect the trees on the property carefully for any signs of a sick or dying tree. Look for symptoms that we recommend below such as issues with the trunk, leaves, branches, roots and bark.

Leaf Symptoms

The first symptom that homeowners should notice about their sick tree is excessive falling leaves. There are conifers and deciduous that will drop leaves and needles depending on their season cycle. But, a tree that begins to lose most of the leaves suddenly in spring or summer is most likely sick. Leaves that are attached but shriveled or discolored before autumn is another sign.

Branch Symptoms

Falling branches are also a sign that your tree is sick. While storms could snap branches off, sick trees will drop leafless branches. When you look at the branch, you will see rot or insect damage.

Trunk Symptoms

The owl hole is a bad sign for a tree. Inspect the tree for any rot spaces near the base of the trunk for other sickness symptoms.

Bark Symptoms

Healthy trees will have soft, pliable bark that has even coverage on the trunk, but a sick tree will have flaking, brittle bark. Often times there could be bald spots on the bark.

Root Symptoms

If the roots are damaged by heavy vehicles, lawnmowers, or is waterlogged constantly, then your tree could be at risk. Look for signs of sogginess such as fungus or wood ears.

Check The Leaves

If your leaves are falling off the tree fast or falling in large amounts and its more than normal, then your tree could be sick. If the leaves aren’t dropping but are discolored or shriveled up, then your tree could be sick.

Examine Branches

If the branches are falling off the tree, then you could have a sick tree. Strong winds or storms could break them off, but a sick tree will drop branches more than normal. They won’t have leaves when they drop, and if you look at them branches, there may be tree rot or insect damage which explains why your tree is sick.

Look At The Trunk

You do not want holes or dents in the trunk. Even though they make great homes for forest life, they are a sign that the tree is dying.

Check The Bark

Sick trees will have brittle, scratchy bark that may fall off while a healthy tree will have a soft and flexible bark. If the tree is sick, there may also be bald spots on the bark.

Check The Roots

There are plenty of things that could hurt tree roots from toys, to water to lawnmowers. If the root gets damaged, then the whole tree is in danger. Check to see that the roots aren’t scratched or flooded.

It is important that you know and find the symptoms of sickness to prevent your tree from dying and causing damage to the property.

Trees for Sale

With 4 east valley locations our team can help you find the perfect trees and plants to take your landscape from ordinary to extraordinary.  In addition to selling trees and plants we partner with companies that will plant your trees or plants and care for them as long as you wish.  That means all you need to do to get your landscape looking it’s best is stop by and browse our trees, choose your favorite, and leave the rest of the work to the pros.

Call or stop by one of our 4 locations today!

Is My Palm Tree Dead?
Written by webtechs

Is My Palm Tree Dead?

Palm trees belong to the evergreen family of trees, which means any sighting of brown fronds can be problematic. The most likely cause of discoloration and deterioration is an infestation of bugs. If you’ve ever asked yourself “is my palm tree dead” these details could help save your beloved plant.

Signs Of Death

At times it can be quite difficult to know if your tree is dying or just simply needs some extra care and attention. If there is any green at all remaining on your fronds, then the tree is still very much alive. However, if you’re struggling to find any green, then the tree may be dying, if not already dead. Start by inspecting the soil in which the tree is planted in. The next sign to look for is a shedding of yellow-colored leaves. This is one of the biggest indicators of impending doom for the palm tree.

Pests

Unfortunately, there are numerous insects that can possibly infiltrate and infect your tree. These pests can be responsible for killing the plant altogether. The good news is simple, routine checks of the tree can help identify and possibly save the tree from these pests.

Discoloration And Wilting

As stated above, check to see if the tree’s fronds show any signs of discoloration. Younger fronds should always be light green, while it is normal for older fronds to go from orange to brown over a long period of time. In the rare case that all fronds appear to be suffering from discoloration, the solution is quite simple. The tree needs more water; that is all. If you notice the crown (top center of the tree) looking brown, more water is needed immediately.

Saving A Palm Tree

Since most discoloration and/or wilting is caused by lack of care, it is very easy to revive the tree’s life. Lack of water, fertilizer or an influx of insects are all telling signs that your plant is stressed. Controlling insects and creating a schedule to provide the plant with enough water should be task number one. The crown is responsible for the tree’s overall health, which is why inspecting the top is the tree is key to identifying issues. For trees that are especially stressed, a landscaping professional could put together a vitamin bath at the base of the palm. If no treatment proves effective, a removal of the tree may be appropriate.

Phoenix Valley Palm Tree for Sale

If you’re looking for the best stock of palm trees in the valley A&P Nursery can help!  With 4 east valley locations our team can help you find the perfect trees and plants to take your landscape from ordinary to extraordinary.  In addition to selling trees and plants we partner with companies that will plant your trees or plants and care for them as long as you wish.  That means all you need to do to get your landscape looking it’s best is stop by and browse our trees, choose your favorite, and leave the rest of the work to the pros.

Call or stop by one of our 4 locations today!

Palm Tree Maintenance
Written by craig braddick

Skinning Palm Trees

Many people ask “Is it a good idea to skin my palm tree?” Read on to learn more!

The main reason homeowners skin their palm trees for one simple reason, and simply the aesthetic of their home, paired with all the wonderful health benefits for the palm tree. Another major reason being that – rodents and all species of bugs use the palms dead fronds as a place of rest. Consider skinning your palm trees for this reason as it will cut down on amounts of pests in your yard. The dead fronds still on the tree actually take up the nutrients that would’ve otherwise gone into the healthy fronds so it is important to skin your palm trees. Palm fronds are sometimes a headache to deal with since more than likely they end up falling out of the tree. Which leads to countless dead fronds all over your property. The biggest reason being as well that people simply just enjoy the way skinned palm trees look.

Dangers To Skinning Your Palm Tree

When skinning a palm tree of course it does come with a risk to the tree and tree trimmer involved in the job. Hence the reason why it’s the best option to hire a professional palm tree trimmer. For the Trimmers themselves, they run all sorts of risks as any tree trimming service would. You’re in need of a ladder or bucket trucks in order to reach the highest part of the palm tree where the fronds hide. Falling from these heights is the worst part of the job, which is the main reason why people hire professionals to complete the task at hand. Professional trimmers sometimes even tend to just climb the tree itself.

As mentioned previously trimming jobs pose countless risks for the trimmer and the tree itself. When the palm tree is hurt or cut, the dead fronds act as an open wound on the tree. Just like any other organism, open wounds become infected. The reason for this could be due to unsanitary trimming equipment being used so it is important to sanitize your trimming equipment before the skinning process starts. Also be very wary that cutting too deep into the tree trunk can and will leave scars to the palm tree, which in short will hurt the tree when it comes to the transfer of nutrients.

Skinning a palm tree should be limited to only once a year.

 

Phoenix Valley Palm Tree for Sale

If you’re looking for the best stock of palm trees in the valley A&P Nursery can help!  With 4 east valley locations our team can help you find the perfect trees and plants to take your landscape from ordinary to extraordinary.  In addition to selling trees and plants we partner with companies that will plant your trees or plants and care for them as long as you wish.  That means all you need to do to get your landscape looking it’s best is stop by and browse our trees, choose your favorite, and leave the rest of the work to the pros.

Call or stop by one of our 4 locations today!

Palm Tree Maintenance
Written by craig braddick

Palm Tree Maintenance

With over 2,000 different species of palm trees it is important to realize how to take care of them. Read on to learn more.

It is vital to take care of the roots of palm trees as they do not grow deep into the ground. The majority of palms have single trunks. This point at the top of the trunk as well as the tissues surrounding it are known as the terminal bud. if this is damaged, the palm tree may die. As the roots do not thicken, they are less likely to damage utilities or sidewalks.

Soil

The compacted soil founfd in many urban areas will not have the ingredients needed for a palm tree to live well. Palm trees obtain a bulk of their nutrients from the top soil and the top of the ground – this means proper fertilization is required.

Watering Requirements

New palms will need water twice per wkk for the first six months. Enough water needs to be added to penetrate eighteen inches of soil. If the soil is of a sandy type, extra water will need to be added to ensure moisture is maintained.  For older plants, watering demands will depend on the climate. Often in summer, they will need watering at least twice per month, and once every six weeks or so during the colder seasons.

Pruning

Palm trees usually shed their fronds naturally. Only yellowing/browning/old fronds should be removed. Never trim too close to the trunk of your Palm. The bark is easily damaged and the resulting wounds are entry points for insects and disease. As a frond emerges, the oldest frond dies. The age that a frond may attain will be determined by many factors.

Potential Pests

Thrips

North America’s thrips make up an extremely large family of insects. Of the plant feeders alone, there are 264 species. And some of these species have a taste for palm trees, feeding on flowers and leaves by puncturing the surfaces to suck out sap. Thrips are not lethal to palms but the feeding of the adults can discolor and wilt leaves. In addition, in intensive infestations their unsightly black droppings can become noticeable on leaf surfaces.

Royal Palm Bug

Royal Palm Bug feeds on only one plant, the royal palm, and the female lays one egg a day during the spring. The bugs rarely kill the host tree but the damage they do can be unsightly and they are difficult to control given the height of mature royal palms. These insects are the only North American members of the Thaumastocoridae family.

Palmetto Weevil

The Palmetto Weevil can be found throughout Florida, as far west as southern Texas and as far north as South Carolina. It is North America’s largest weevil. This pest has a taste primarily for the Cabbage Palm (sabal palmetto) although it will infest Saw Palmettos (serrenoa repens) and, occasionally, Canary Island Date Palms (phoenix canariensis), Washington Palms (washingtonia), Royal Palms (roystonea), and some coconut palms.

Palm Budworm

The budworm is beetle whose larvae feed on the flowers of a range of fan palms. The caterpillars are about an inch long and a pink-green in color.

Giant Palm Borer

The borer is a large and quite ugly beetle whose larvae have a taste for the wood of the Washingtonia and Phoenix varieties. Borer grubs can live inside a palm trunk for up to nine years before exiting as beetles through quarter-sized holes.

Cabbage Palm Caterpillar

Cabbage palm caterpillars, found throughout Florida, target the cabbage palmetto almost exclusively. They rarely kill palm trees but the insects do destroy the trees’ blossoms. They are a nuisance to humans as well because they often enter homes looking for suitable places to pupate. Control by insecticides is possible under certain circumstance if carefully managed.

Diseases

Lethal Yellowing

Lethal yellowing is a disease first noticed in the Caribbean region of North America about 100 years ago. However, it was not until the 1950s and a devastating outbreak in Jamaica and the Florida Keys that the economic consequences of lethal yellowing were recognized and intensive research begun.

Ganoderma Butt Rot

Ganoderma butt rot is a relatively new and lethal disease of Florida palm trees. It is caused by a fungus, Ganoderma zonatum, which invades the base or butt of palm trees up to a height of three to four feet above the ground. The disease was first discovered in Florida in 1994 and in only a few years it has spread to infect palms throughout the state. At this time, it cannot be said with certainty that there are any palm trees resistant to ganoderma butt rot.

Fusarium Wilt

Fusarium wilt is another palm tree fungus. Signs of wilt are fronds wilting, losing their green luster and, finally, dying. Once a tree is infected, there is no cure and the diseased tree may have to be removed.

Bud Rot

Bud rot is caused by a fungus which causes the heart fronds of a palm tree to wilt and die. Tree death can occur soon afterward. California and Mexican palms are the most vulnerable.

Source: https://www.bgi-usa.com/palm-trees-101/

 

Phoenix Valley Palm Tree for Sale

If you’re looking for the best stock of palm trees in the valley A&P Nursery can help!  With 4 east valley locations our team can help you find the perfect trees and plants to take your landscape from ordinary to extraordinary.  In addition to selling trees and plants we partner with companies that will plant your trees or plants and care for them as long as you wish.  That means all you need to do to get your landscape looking it’s best is stop by and browse our trees, choose your favorite, and leave the rest of the work to the pros.

Call or stop by one of our 4 locations today!

Arizona Ash Tree Diseases & Care
Written by A&P Nursery

Arizona Ash Tree Diseases & Care

One of the more common trees in Arizona is the Arizona ash tree (Fraxinus velutina) because of being able to adapt well with the sunny climate in the area. There are various types of ash trees growing around Arizona, more than 65 species throughout the state. This post on Arizona Ash Tree diseases & care will help you understand the challenges of owning these trees and give tips on how to care for them.

What is an Arizona Ash Tree?

An Arizona ash tree (Fraximus velutina) is known by a few different names including Fresno ash, velvet ash, leatherleaf ash, smooth ash, and desert ash. It is found mostly in the United States (SW) and Mexico.

The Arizona ash tree is a stout, majestic tree with deep green leaves and a rounded canopy. It can live up to 50 years with the right tree maintenance and care. The Arizona ash tree can reach as high as 40ft to 50ft and span as wide as 30ft to 40ft.

According to GardeningKnowHow, “Young Arizona ash trees display smooth, light gray bark that turns rougher, darker, and more textural as the tree matures. This deciduous tree provides great shade in summer, with bright golden yellow leaves in fall or early winter depending on the location.”

Ash Tree Species

Many of the ash tree species are listed on Wikipedia based on the region they can be located. Although, there are other woody plants which have “ash” in the name too. For instance, the prickly ash and mountain ash. These are not the same (genus fraxinus). The following list provides some of the common Arizona ash tree species, but this is only some of them.

  • Raywood ash – Fraxinus oxycarpa
  • Green ash – Fraxinus pennsylvanca (aka. ‘water ash’ or ‘swamp ash’)
  • Fantex ash – Fraxinus velutina (aka. ‘Rio Grande ash’)
  • Shamel ash – Fraxinus uhdei (aka. ‘tropical ash’)
  • Arizona ash – Fraxinus velutina (aka. ‘modesto ash’ or ‘velvet ash’)
  • Littleleaf ash – Fraxinus greggii
  • Goodding ash – Fraxinus gooddingii
  • Singleleaf ash – Fraxinus anomala
  • Chihuahua ash – Fraxinus papillosa
  • Fragrant ash – Fraxinus cuspidate

Ash Tree Characteristics

There are various positive features about the Arizona ash tree, but they also have downsides. The Arizona ash tree was labeled by Horticulturist Calvin R. Finch, PH.D as being ‘trash tree’ due to their life span only being about 30 years, along with other things.

The ash tree is a deciduous tree, meaning they will shed leaves when the growing season is over. There are many tree types that are referred to as being messy, and the ash tree is one of them. However, the majority of ash trees drop tehri leaves within about 2 weeks, limiting the messy period. They generally produce seedlings throughout the entire year or once a year depending on species, but often in large numbers. When you have ash trees and want a clean yard, you will be raking on occasion.

Most ash tree species will grow quickly, which results in having fast shaded areas, but this also has downsides. When trees grow quickly, it often results in surface roots. Ash tree roots tend to grow near the surface, they can be tolerant to rocky soils and alkaline soils. Although, Watson and Gilman described green ash trees within their Fact Sheet stating surface roots “may become annoying as they can lift sidewalks, curbs, and make mowing a challenge.” Finch added that the majority of ash trees “require regular pruning to avoid them becoming a tangled mess with frequent branch dieback.” Basically, you should expect to require trimming ever few years to keep ash tree’s healthy with a good branch structure. If trimming is ignored, it can cause weak growth and breakage. This is bad for multiple tree trunks, because they will eventually fall and could cause damage. Instead, establishing a single central trunk during the tree’s youth is best.

Prior to planting your new ash tree, there are things to consider. First, you want to ensure your yard is large enough to contain it, because ash trees grow quick, and large. The majority of ash trees mature at 40ft to 50ft, but there are species that get over 80ft high, and they all have round, full canopy’s.

Arizona Ash Tree Disease

Like various plants, the Arizona ash tree is open to many pests and diseases, including mildew, cankering, and different fungal infections. There are other problems that can occur, such as rust diseases, leaf scorch, webworms, mites, borers, and carpenter worms. The ash tree is particularly vulnerable when it comes to Verticillium wilt, a soil born fungus. There are regions through the country (mainly Midwest) which have emerald ash borer’s which have killed ash trees in the tens of thousands. Fortunately, they have not yet affected the varieties of Arizona ash trees.  The tree varieties which endure a poor environmental condition have a higher vulnerability to problems like these, making it significant to ensure fertilizing and watering are done adequately to keep the tree’s defense up.

Ash Tree Maintenance

When ash tress is well maintained, they can provide a beautiful and lush addition to your Arizona landscape. However, if you allow your ash trees to go without proper care and maintenance, they can end up being an eyesore and a poor element in your landscape. It can also be the nesting grounds for unwanted pests, and tree diseases. This is why it’s important to ensure proper care. There are ash tree species which have a slight drought resistance, but the majority of ash tree varieties will require plenty of water. To create the best setting for ash trees, a flood irrigation should in installed. Landscapes without an irrigation, flood irrigation should be mimicked using a garden hose for a deep soak one or two times a month.

If you’re living with an ash tree in Arizona, you will want to keep it healthy, so it has a nice appearance. Although, you should be ready to have an increased water bill. In addition, you may desire fertilizing the ash tree often. There are two benefits to mulching your ash trees. First, it enriches the soil as organic matter is broken down. Second, the mulch retains moisture from the watering to maintain wet soil for longer periods.

Although ash trees are not particularly simple to care for, having a healthy ash tree is worth the effort. When well cared for an Arizona ash tree provides great shade, and they are sure to improve your landscape.

Phoenix Valley Ash Trees for Sale

If you’re looking for the best stock of Ash Trees in the valley A&P Nursery can help!  With 4 east valley locations our team can help you find the perfect trees and plants to take your landscape from ordinary to extraordinary.  In addition to selling trees and plants we partner with companies that will plant your trees or plants and care for them as long as you wish.  That means all you need to do to get your landscape looking it’s best is stop by and browse our trees, choose your favorite, and leave the rest of the work to the pros.

Call or stop by one of our 4 locations today!

Fast-Growing-Shade-Trees
Written by A&P Nursery

12 Best Fast Growing Shade Trees

If you’re looking for the best fast growing shade trees for Arizona, this list will help.  If you’re starting a new landscape, replacing a tree, or just adding one and you want shade soon these fast growing shade trees are just right.  All of them will grow quickly and offer great shade for your landscape at your home or commercial location.

12 Best Fast Growing Shade Trees

These 12 fast growing shade trees have different shapes and colors of blooms.  They are all well adjusted to growing in the heat of Arizona.  A&P Nursery proudly grows our trees right here in the Phoenix valley, so you know you’re getting a tree that’s already accustomed to the temperatures and sun.

1. Sissoo

The Sissoo, or Indian Rosewood, is a fast growing shade trees provide shade in a hurry.  They grow to about 60’ in height and spread out wide to offer great shade to your landscape.   As a semi evergreen they add welcomed green to your desert landscape.

2. Tipu

The Tipu tree is loved by Arizona homeowners as it grows very quickly to it’s mature height of 40’ to 50’ feet.  In addition to being a great shade tree the Tipu has beautiful flowers and is a great addition to any residential or even commercial landscape.

3. Museum Palo Verde

The Museum Palo Verde is immensely popular as it grows fast and provides great shade.  It loves full sun and is a drought tolerant tree.  It will grow quickly to it’s maximum height of about 25’ and provide great shade for your landscape.

4. Arizona Ash

The Arizona Ash tree grows fast, grows wide, and grows up to about 30’ tall.  It’s a deciduous shade tree that will keep it’s leaves most of the year, especially during the hot months.  That means that you’ll have plenty of new shade in a hurry with the Arizona Ash tree.

5. Weeping Willow

The Weeping Willow, or Willow Acacia, has a unique shape and foliage that looks as if it’s streaming down.  It’s texture adds an interesting visual element to any landscape.  It grows very quickly and reaches it’s maximum height of about 40’ much quicker than other common trees.

6. African Sumac

With a maximum mature height of about 80’ the African Sumac, or Mondell Pine, provides loads of shade to your landscape.  It grows quickly and is a great tree for the heat. They are resistant to drought, heat, and wind.

7. Bonita Ash

The Bonita Ash tree is a great broadleaf tree that grows in a rounded and wide shape.  They thrive in full sun and their thick canopies provide great shade.  They will grow to about 30’ feet tall by 30’ wide which makes them great for any part of the yard.

8. Desert Willow

The Desert Willow is a favorite fast growing shade tree by both homeowners and landscapers.  This tree blows with beautiful pink or lavender flowers and grows quickly.  As a broadleaf tree which reaches about 20’ in height it provides great shade and grows fast.

9. Elm

The Elm is a favorite tree just about anywhere you travel and can reach a mature height of 100’.  It’s a hardy tree which can withstand wind, drought, full sun, but does need to be protected if there’s every flooding.   The elms width and height provides excellent shade and grows quickly.

10. Evergreen Pear

The Evergreen Pear tree is a favorite in Arizona as it grows fast to its mature height of about 20’.  This fast growing shade tree is a great addition to your landscape as it has beautiful fragrant flowers in the spring time.

11. Mulberry Fruitless

The Mulberry Fruitless tree is another great fast growing shade tree that reaches about 25’ feet high and an impressive 35’ wide.  They thrive in full sun and their broadleaf canopy provides great shade for your home or commercial property.

12. Shamel Ash

The Shamel Ash is the fastest growing Ash Tree.  With a great wide canopy it provides shade quickly and is a favorite in Arizona as it requires little maintenance or pruning.  It also takes the heat well and enjoys full sun.

Fast Growing Shade Trees For Sale

If you’re looking for fast growing shade trees for your property in Arizona, A&P Nursery is here to help!  We grow our trees in Arizona, so you know they’re already ready to cope with the sun, heat, wind, and will grow quickly in your residential or commercial landscape.  For more information about our selection of fast growing shade trees please contact one of our 4 locations in Mesa, Queen Creek, or Gilbert.

Growing A Fig Tree In Arizona
Written by A&P Nursery

Growing A Fig Tree In Arizona

If you’d like to know how to grow a fig tree in Arizona, this post is for you!  Growing a fig tree can be really rewarding. They are able to grow two harvests during a single growing season, are quite beautiful, and the produce really sweet fruit. A fig tree can take more than 3 years to be able to produce a viable crop, but when it finally does you can have all the figs that you can eat.

Figs are also one of the oldest cultivated crops and not to mention that they were a favorite for some of the oldest societies. The ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans enjoyed figs. A fig tree can grow between 10 feet to 30 feet tall and they have leaves that make them look really tropical. The common fig tree will be deciduous, so the leaves will come off during the fall season. All of the flowers on the fig tree are female, so it does not need pollination to produce fruit. This means bigger crops without having to rely on pollination.

Picking a fig tree:

Many fig tree types will grow anywhere. However, some will do better in a dry, hot climate such as in Mesa, Arizona. The Kadota and Conadria fig trees are two that do really well in the Arizona heat.

Kadota Fig

These will produce a large to medium sized fruit. The fruit will be yellow, and it is really sweet. The fruit from this fig tree will ripen best in a hot temperature area and in full sun. The Kadota fig tree is grown extensively and it is the most common fig type that you will find in a local grocery store.

Conadria Fig

These are the largest fig trees and it will have a very high sugar content. The fruit that is produced can be used to eat fresh or it makes a really great dried fruit. This fig also resists spoiling during rainy weather and has a small eye size. This helps with insect resistance.

How Big Do Fig Trees Get?

Fig trees grow rather quickly and will end up around 25 feet tall.  They also grow in width to about the same size as they are tall.  Plan this into the location you choose for your fig tree.  Don’t plant it in a spot where the full grown tree won’t fit well aesthetically or near power lines.  Fig leaves are also quite large, sometimes reach as much as 10 inches in length and  width.  With leaves this large there’s no surprise that the fig tree is beloved for it’s fruit and the shade it provides.

Planting Fig Trees in your Backyard

There are normally two cycles of harvesting figs in a single year. The first crop is called breba. This is a crop that is basically the maturation of any previously growing buds. The crop after it is actually the main crop, and this is where the fruit develops which is during spring and summer.

Picking a location:

Depending on the fig tree that you get, you will have to consider the width where you will be planting the tree. A fig tree can grow quite large which can span between 10 feet to 30 feet. They can even be much wider than they are tall. Another thing to consider when picking where to plant your fig tree is that leaves do drop. The fig is deciduous and if you have a pool then you want to plant the tree as far away from the pool as possible or place it in the front yard. Fig trees require between 8 to 10 hours of full sun per day, so you will want to keep the fig tree away from the house or where I may be shaded. You also will need soil that drains quite well and sandy soils are best for a fig tree.

Planting A Fig Tree:

Just like with other trees that you want to plant within the desert, the time to plant a fig tree will be in the early spring or fall. This will give the root system a bit of time to mature and be ready for harsh summer weather that happens in Arizona.

Water a Fig Tree:

During the average summer heat in Arizona, a fig tree will need to be watered every 3 to 5 days. If it is really hot and Arizona has set heat records, then water more often than that. If you are unsure if you tree needs to be watered, you can use a soil probe to find out. All trees will need to be watered to 3 feet each time that there is an irrigation event. There is not a set rule for how much water it will take to reach 3 feet because different soil types will take different times.

Fertilizing the Fig Tree:

Most times fig trees that have been planted directly into the ground will not have a need for fertilization. The big exception is if they get planted in sandy soil. If you are unsure if the soil has the right nutrients, then you can have the soil tested by a lab. If the soil is deemed to be low in nutrients, then get a half a pound of nitrogen and then divide it into 3 different treatments. Apply the nitrogen during the months of growth which are May – June -July.

Pruning a Fig tree:

One of the best parts about growing a fig tree is that it hardly needs to be pruned. They only produce 2 crops during a single growing season and it is best that they get pruned after the second harvest. If you wait and then try to prune the fig tree during winter, then you risk removing some of the fruit that is already growing which would be part of your next harvest.

Fig Tree Pests:

Luckily, within Arizona there are not as many pests as in other areas of the United States. There are three common pests that you may deal with when it comes to your fig tree. Gophers, green fig beetle and birds are very common for Arizona. In order to protect your fruit from birds and beetles, then you can cover the fruit with netting or bagging. There is very little to be done about gophers.

What do you do with figs?

There are many fig tree owners that are really surprised with just how much fruit is produced once the tree has matured properly. It does take a couple of years after it is planted to get the tree to produce its first fruit. However, whenever it starts to get going, it really goes. Most owners scramble to hurry up and begin making jam, but the truth is there are a lot of things to do with figs.

What does a fig taste like?

There are a lot of varieties for fig trees and that means there are many flavors. A few of the most popular figs that are well known in a pantry are: King Figs, Calimyrna, Kadota, Sierra, Black Mission and Brown Turkey. The flavors can really vary from being similar like a raspberry to an almond and honey to caramel to maple syrup to a nutty caramel coffee type of flavor.

Here are a few ways that you can enjoy figs:

Put figs in batter: Whenever you are making scones, cookies or muffins, throw some figs into the batter. This will add a delicious and unique flavor. It will also set your treats apart and give them a unique taste that everyone will love.

Add them to your meat: When you are cooking a roast for a holiday or even just a weekend meal, throw a few figs in with your meat. While the cook, they will start to release a delicious aroma and slowly release their savory juices into the sauce.

Fig Chutney: Take some figs and then simmer them with Thyme. After a bit add some caramelized onions to make a rich fig chutney. This can be a great addition to cheese and cracker platters to add a bit of variety and depth.

Fig Trees For Sale

If you live in Mesa, Queen Creek, or Gilbert; A&P Nursery is your local nursery option that carries the finest fig trees in Arizona.  We grow all of our fig trees right here in in the valley so they’re already acclimated to the soil, sun, and heat of our beloved valley.  For more information about purchasing a fig tree either swing by 1 of our 4 locations in the East Valley or call 480-892-7939.

Are Palms Tree Native To AZ?
Written by A&P Nursery

Are Palms Tree Native To AZ?

A lot of the residents in Arizona are wondering “Are Palm Trees Native To AZ?” Although there are thousands of palm trees to be seen around the Valley, most of those are not native of Arizona. The majority of palm trees are actually native of tropical climates, such as Florida, Southern California, South Carolina, and countries like Chile, Mexico, Peru, India, Australia, China, among others.

Having so many of them scattered all around Arizona, it may be hard to believe that they are not a native plant of Arizona, with the southern part of Arizona having an abundance of them. There are many of Arizona’s landmarks that incorporate palm plants, being almost as venerated as their iconic cacti. Landscapes all around the state lined up with Date Palms, Mexican Fan Palms, and Queen Palms, including places of retail and commercial properties. It is difficult for many of Arizona’s residents, as well as visitors to Arizona to believe that the majority of the palms in Arizona have been transplanted after being brought from in from tropical climate areas.

Arizona’s Native Palm Tree

There is one palm in Arizona which grows naturally. It is the California Fan Palm, and it has been thought that it migrated from animal droppings and transplanted in Arizona, and these grow wild in the area between Yuma and Quartzite within the Kofa National Wildlife Refuge. The California Fan Palm grows wild in the area called the ‘Palm Canyon’.

People adore palm trees

The reason the residents of Arizona adore the palms in their landscape is because it is the icon of the deserts oasis. Since water and shade are hard to come here in Arizona, the residents find the groves of palm trees helps keep them from thinking thoughts about vacationing, leisure, and having fun. The residents welcome shades that are casted by the palm trees, and shades casted by any tree for that matter as it gives them some relief from the hot sun and the desert heat.

Architectural Anchors in Landscaping

Palms give more than a promise of shade, they also make a strong element in the designing process of residential and commercial landscaping projects, as they are known for being “Architectural Plants,” and they can be made a significant part of making a visually stunning landscaping design. Often, they are used as projects in commercial retail real estate, golf courses, city parks, among others for the provisions of visual excitement.

Where do palm trees come from?

If Arizona has only one native palm tree, how did the others end up in Arizona? This would depend on the variety you have in mind, or own, or are thinking about purchasing.

The Queen Palms

Argentina and Brazil are the home of the Queen Palm, and as it features its graceful fronds it grows to be of medium height. Because of their country of origin, they are temperamental and are a little more sensitive than others to the cold winter frost, as well as to the summer heat when it becomes too intense.

The Royal Palms

The Royal Palms feature a bit of affluence and aristocracy, almost as though they knew they were “Royal.” These are native of tropical Mexico, the Caribbean, and some part of Southern Florida. One of their features is having a rich appearance and at their peak there is deep green skin, in all they have smooth features.

The Mexican Fan Palms

One of the palms that is most common in Arizona is the Mexican Fan Palm. Of course, you guessed it, these palms come from Mexico, their seed pods are brought to Arizona from Northern Mexico. The Mexican Fan Palms requires their gardener to be a daredevil, and those who trim them must be a professional in order to climb to trim them. These palms will grow-up to incredible heights.

East Phoenix Valley Palm Tree Sales

If you’re interested in buying new palm trees and having them planted in the Phoenix Valley, A&P Nursery can help. We grow and sell palm trees in Mesa, Queen Creek, and Gilbert, AZ.  With our wide selection you’re sure to be able to find a great tree for your home or commercial property.  For more information about our palm trees you can call or visit one of our 4 East Phoenix Valley locations.