In agriculture and horticulture, there are 15 different types of nurseries.
A nursery is a plot of land dedicated to propagating plants, providing initial nutrients, growing young seedlings, and eventually selling them for transplanting in commercial agriculture, horticulture, or hobby gardening, such as Kitchen Gardening. Depending on the sort of nursery, the final phase (selling) may differ.
The plants are grown under advantageous settings until they achieve an useable and fairly robust growth that allows them to withstand unfavorable climatic conditions such as strong winds, heavy rain, searing sunlight, and so on. These seedlings can be easily cared for in a small area, such as dirt beds or small containers.
Agriculture’s Different Nursery Types
There are many distinct sorts of nurseries, each with its own set of requirements and capabilities. We’ll split them up for ease of use.
- Depending on the time frame
- Based on the plants that have been grown
- Based on the construction, the landscape, and the sale
- Depending on how long you’ve been using it
A nursery can be built for both temporary and long-term use.
The Temporary Nurseries are only open during certain seasons. The nursery supply is only available for a limited time. When the criterion is met, the manufacturing is halted. For instance, a rice seedling nursery or a vegetable nursery.
Nursery that is always open
This is a year-round nursery that the owner utilizes for commercial purposes. This is because the land could be any size the owner desires, which is much greater than a temporary nursery. This sort of nursery has all of the permanent structures, such as a selling point, compost pit, nursery beds, office, guard room, and so on, in order to promote regular propagation. Example: The nursery for forest plants, as well as the nursery for fruit plants, are both located in the same location.
Seeds or plant vegetative parts can be utilized as planting materials (asexual propagation methods like air-layering, grafting, budding can also be used). Nursery management is a time-consuming task.
Various nursery types dependent on the plants grown.
Fruit Plant Nursery
Because these plants have such a long life span, it is an example of a permanent nursery. Vegetative propagation is recommended for fruit plants because it is easier and takes less time to produce true to type plants than sexual propagation. There are also permanent mother plants (e.g., Guava for Inarching) that offer scion and root-stock, as well as grafts (for example, sapodilla) that can be sold. In fruit plant nurseries, air layering (also known as citrus rooting) is a frequent practice. Apple, walnut, and peach nurseries, for example, are well-established enterprises with a lot of potential for temperate-zone entrepreneurs.
Plant nursery for vegetables
Seasonal, annual, and perennial vegetable crops are all available. Seedlings are used to grow brinjal, tomatoes, gourds, onions, and most other vegetables. In Kitchen Gardening, this is a common technique. People prefer homegrown veggies as their faith in market vegetables declines due to the use of chemicals; thus, the market for these nurseries continues to expand. Vertical gardening is a popular way to cultivate gourds, flat beans, and other vegetables in small urban spaces.
A nursery for ornamental plants
This form of nursery is extremely popular and has the ability to conduct international commerce. The usage of flowers, succulents, and other beautiful plants adds to the market’s aesthetic appeal. People have grown more aware of the relevance of ornamental plants in the home as day-to-day stress levels have increased; as a result, numerous sorts of plants in diverse varieties have arrived on the market. Because of its wide range of applications, this is a growing industry. Florists are even creating new types of flowers, and when given as a gift, these plants lend meaning to the occasion by representing it. Vertical Gardening, as previously stated, has created a new arena for plants to be kept around us in a more beautiful and controllable manner.
Plant nursery for medicinal and aromatic plants
The breadth of this type of nursery as a company has grown as knowledge of the utilization of old traditions has grown. People have begun to raise these plants and use them on a regular basis, rather than relying solely on allopathic medications. The essential oils of these plants, as well as their scent, have both health and aesthetic value. These plants can be planted after wheat harvest and before rice sowing to provide farmers with an additional source of income.
A nursery for forest plants
The value of a forest is recognized not just by people, but by the entire globe. Following the Arrey Forest fire and the Amazon Rainforest Fire, protecting trees has become a higher priority. People who believe that the path to progress runs through the forest continue to destroy it in the name of growing new trees on similar sized plots of land. Many industries, such as timber, gum, and fuel, rely only on the presence of a forest. It’s critical to save these precious trees, as well as the species that are on the verge of extinction. Forest plant nurseries can be privately owned and operated in conjunction with the Forest Service. This work can potentially be used for therapeutic purposes.
Shade nets, glasshouses, greenhouses, and other covered structures are frequently used to sustain these nurseries. All other plantations are kept open or can be developed with similar protective structures in place. If he can afford it, he can also have a Tissue Culture Laboratory attached to it. It has developed into the nursery’s future. Gerbera, Syngonium, Orchards, Calla Lily, and other plants are popular in these labs. Winter plant nurseries such as Walnut, Apple, and others may require scientifically maintained storage chambers.
Nursery for agricultural crops
The land area employed for these nurseries is eventually added to the land for farming. This is done to reduce the amount of labour and time needed to manage huge areas under cultivation, as well as to improve fertilizer availability. It is primarily for the seasonal crop and not for commercial uses. Rice nursery, pearl millet are two examples.
According to the nursery’s structure
1. Start a nursery.
This is a low-cost, low-maintenance form of nursery. Except for some shade netting or a standard room/office, there is no specific overhead structure such as a greenhouse, glasshouse, or other similar building.
2. The nursery is closed.
Special overhead structures, including as greenhouses, glasshouses, and shade-nets, are used in this type of nursery to give a specific amount of sunlight for plants. In some circumstances, these buildings are scientifically aided by room temperature and humidity regulation. Modern irrigation systems, such as ground and above sprinklers, drip irrigation, irrigation misters, foggers, and so on, can be placed in both circumstances.
According to the surrounding environment
A nursery that is horizontal.
Almost all of the nurseries are horizontal in character, meaning that they spread across the entire land area. It is suitable for persons who have an ideal or huge land area and who require a small nursery as a part-time hobby or a Kitchen Garden.
Nursery that grows vertically
With the rise of the urban and multi-story building culture, space has shrunk dramatically for those who choose to live in cities. Vertical Nursery is an option for those who want to be close to nature while also developing a nursery that is space-efficient. It has a bright future ahead of it.
Depending on the Sale Type
Nursery in a store
These nurseries sell directly to those who want to cultivate them in their own gardens or at home. These are usually run locally to offer seasonal and attractive plants, which are largely used for decoration and humidity maintenance. These businesses may also sell plants to customers who are looking for a certain variety of plant.
Nurseries in bulk
These nurseries grow plants in large quantities to meet the demands of large clients such as florists, businesses, commercial farmers, other small nurseries, environmental landscaping, and so on.
Establishment of a private nursery
These nurseries are often single-client nurseries that produce batches for a single customer or owner. These clients could be the owners of vast estates or someone who needs to document the preservation of historical trees.
Ordering via mail
This sort of nursery can include any of the nurseries listed above. Nowadays, online buying has become a natural trend and a burgeoning industry. One can create an internet gateway to offer goods and services, with the exception of shipment, which must be done by courier or delivery man.